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医学博士英语历年真题摘要写作范文

97 A Blind Zone in Childr-Nutrition

This article reveals揭示 a mistaken idea in child-raising which deserves值得 correcting. Most parents take it for granted that children should eat more animal foods such as chicken, meat and fish than grain food because the former are far more expensive and the more expensive the food is the more nutritious it is. However, this is, in fact, a mistaken idea which has lead to malnutrition among many city kids. This is indicated 表明的in a survey recently made in Shanghai.

What parents don’t know is that carbohydrate碳水化合物,糖类 in grains, starch 淀粉and sugar, the main and most inexpensive nutrient for energy supply, is of equal importance in metabolism新陈代谢. The energy it supplies is the main source of calories卡路里 in human bodies, about 60% of the total amount of calories. If there is a lack of calories provided by carbohydrate, protein and fat will be used up to provide the heat and thus can’t play their original roles in the body. Consequently接连发生的事情, 结果, it results in a retarded 智力迟钝的; 发展迟缓的development in the children and even malnutrition.

Apparently, the solution to the problem is to provide kids with a well-balanced food containing protein, carbohydrate and many other nutrients营养素, none of which can be done without.

Writing Drill 4(98 FATMD)

In the past several years, many Chinese college students have come to accept psychological 心理的consultation会诊,咨询(PC) they used to惯常reject. In 1994, many students didn’t care to think about the consultation while in 1996, over 90% of 2132 students in a survey answered the related questionnaires carefully. PC is now gradually accepted by college students in China.

Surveys indicate that 70-80% college students have psychological problems and 20.3% have such obstacles业障. There have been reports on many severe cases重症,重病患者 resulting from misunderstanding and lack of PC. In view of 考虑到this, many universities in Nanjing have set up psychological healthcare医疗保健,健康护理 service for students. Many students have corrected校正 their misunderstanding about PC and bravely asked the consultants for help, which has greatly helped them overcome their mental obstacles. Even some military cadets军校学员 have begun to consult请教 experts for advice. Experts point out that prompt consultation can prevent mental精神的,心理的 problems from developing into obstacles, mental illnesses and even suicide.

University psychological consultation, young as it is, has made remarkable progress and grown into a unique独特的唯一的 course in universities. Though it contributed to促成 students’ healthy growth, it still has a long way to go to be fully understood and appreciated by both students and faculties.

Writing Drill 5 老年健康饮食为先

Aging usually brings about recession后退 in many bodily functions such indigestion, hypertension高血压, arteriosclerosis血管硬化,动脉硬化, and other metabolic 代谢作用的dysfunctions异常,机能障碍. However, scientists find that these hypofunctions机能减退 are actually caused by irrational不合理的 diets or eating habits饮食习惯. This article discusses

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