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FeaturesoftheChineseStudiesAbroad(I)

China&World Studies|47 Features of the Chinese Studies Abroad(I)

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Foreign Chinese Studies have a long history,and its name also changes from Sinology to Chinese Studies.

Chinese Studies abroad and relevant concepts For a long time before the early 19'1'century,scattered foreign searches on Chinese issues were called

''Sinology"?Sinology started in the middle of the16山century in Europe Among them,Italy,the Netherlands, France,Germany,Sweden and other countries were the first few countries to study Sinology,and missionaries played an important role.Sinology began to be taught at universities in

the West since the beginning of the 19山century,since when its status

as an independent and systematic

discipline was established.So far,it

has a history of more than400years.

Featured by studying the Chinese

philosophy,religion,art,history,

literature,language and other aspects

of humanities,it focuses on histori­

cal and cultural issues and academic

issues with few studies in China s

politics,economics,law,society and

other social science fields and even

fewer researches about China s real

problems.

After the World War II,especially

since1949,Western Sinology rep­

resented by the United States,has

begun to focus on studying China s

contemporary a f lairs.''It completely breaks the narrow boundaries of

traditional Sinology and integrates

various theories,methods and means

of social science into the study of

Sinology and Chinese history,thus

greatly broadening the research ho?

rizon of researches and enriching the

con t ent of Chinese researches."And

it has become the Chinese Studies

with more modern consciousness

and more contents about social sci­

ence in the international arena.

The concern of Chinese Studies is

not entirely traditional Chinese

culture but more about China s

political,economic,military,educa­

tional,social life,social psychology

and issues on other aspects.Based on

the reality and practical principles

while taking into account of the

national strategic interests with the

non-culture or pan-culture as the

feature,Chinese Studies have greatly

affected the research direction and

contents of traditional Sinology,and

its influence even surpasses that of

traditional Sinology.After the birth

of''Chinese Studies",''Sinology"

also continue to exist.

Regarding the difference between

Sinology and Chinese Studies,it

is generally believed that Chinese

Studies originated from Sinology

but is different from Sinology?

rhere is currently no unified view

in China s academia about how to

call foreign researches on China?

In recent decades,a trend worth at­

tention has emerged in the develop­

ment of foreign Sinology and Chi­

nese Studies:the research subjects,

research objects,and research meth­

ods of Sinology and Chinese Studies

are getting close to each other and

becoming compatible,and many of

the sinologists have broken through

the limit of traditional Sinology

to study subjects that belong to

con temporary social sciences.And

many people,who are called Chi­

nese scholars,have gone beyond the

scope of contemporary and social

sciences and begun to extend their

scope of research to humanities such

as literature,history and philosophy,

rhis phenomenon appears in both

the Sinology circle in Europe but

also in researches of Chinese Studies

in the United States.

However,the basic boundaries and

divisions between traditional Sinol­

ogy and modern Chinese Studies

still exist.Before a consensus has

been reached in China's academia

about the name of the subject

studying China abroad,the author

believes that Sinology can refer to

the foreign studies about China

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