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初中英语中考语法知识点和习题(带答案)-形容词副词

形容词 副词

大多数的形容词、副词都有三个等级: 原级:比较级: 比较...,更...一些 最高级: 最...

(A)1.构成:(规则情况)情况 变 化 方 法, 例 词 单音节词和少数双音节词: 一般情况加er, est clever-cleverer-cleverest

以字母e结尾 加r, st nice-nicer-nicest

重读闭音节、末尾只有一个辅音字母时 双写加er, est big-bigger-biggest

以辅音字母加y结尾变y为i加er, est early-earlier-earliest 部分双音节和多音节词 在词前加more, most slowly-more slowly-most slowly

2.不规则变化,须熟记: good/well-better-best many/much-more-most far-farther-farthest bad/badly/ill-worse-worst little-less-least (B)常见的使用情况

1.as … as … 和...一样(中间用原级)

2.not as(so) … as 和...不一样(中间用原级) 3… than …. ..比...(用比较级)

4.有范围修饰的用最高级 如:in, of, among或用从句修饰的

eg.⑴Winter is the coldest season of the year.

⑵This is the best film that I have ever seen . 5.比较级+and+比较级 意为“越来越….

eg: wetter and wetter more and more beautiful 6. The+比较级,the+比较级 越…...就越…...

eg:The more, the better. 越多越好

(C)注意点:1.形容词最高级前一定要用the,副词最高级

前可省略。

2.可用much, a little, even, still等修饰比较级。

3.在比较级中为了避免重复,在than后常用

one,that,those等词来替代前面提到过的名词。

eg:The weather here is warmer than that of Shanghai.

(D)掌握三种同义句转换:

1.He is taller than any other student in his class. =He is the tallest (student)in his class.

2.This film is less interesting than that one. =This film isn't as interesting as that one.

=That film is more interesting than this one. 3.I prefer maths to English. =I like maths better than English.

Which do you like _____, fish, meat _____ eggs? A.best, or B.better,or C.best, and D.better,and

此外,关于形容词、副词的内容同学们还须掌握:

1.形容词修饰名词作定语,跟在连系动词之后作表语。 2.副词修饰动词、形容词或其它副词 enough属例外词:形/副+enough to do enough+名词

例如:She is old enough to go to school. 她够上学的年龄了。

3.区别几组易混淆的副词: 也 too用于肯定、疑问句 also 较为正式书面语 either 用于否定句 已经 already

常用于肯定句、疑问句 yet 常用于否定句、疑问句 不再 no (not any) longer 从时间上讲 no (not any) more 从动作上讲

如此这样 such 修饰名词 eg: such a big box

so 修饰形容词、副词 eg: so big 单独、独自 alone 作表语 =by oneself 孤独的 lonely 可作表语、定语 eg:A group of girls are singing and dancing ______

over there. (happy)

课堂练习

1.The students are having a good time in the park. Some

are drawing by the lake. _ are climbing the hill.

A.Others B. Other C. Another D.The other

2.There isn't _____ in today's newspaper.

A. important something B. important anything C.

anything important D. nothing important

3.-Whose watch is this, Mary? Is it your sister's?

-No,Mum. It's not ______. It's ______.

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